Important Vocabulary For DSSSB Exam: 20th June 2018

Important Vocabulary For Teaching Exam

Dear Readers, we are providing to you Word List from The Newspaper to improve your word power. It will help you to enhance your word power as well as you can understand the correct usage of the word. Your reading habit can make all the difference. If you are not able to read a newspaper for Teaching Exam. We will post important words every day from editorial section.

1.Precursor (noun)
Meaning: a person or thing that comes before another of the same kind; a forerunner.
Synonyms: forerunner, predecessor, forefather, father, parent, antecedent, ancestor, forebear, progenitor
Example: The top-level discussions could be a precursor to some relief measures that may be announced as early as Friday when the GST Council meets in the capital, as the discussions stretched till late evening, compelling Mr. Jaitley to skip the World Economic Forum’s India Economic Summit.

2.Culminate (verb)
Meaning: reach a climax or point of highest development.
Synonyms: come to a climax, come to a crescendo, come to a head, reach a finale, peak, climax, reach a pinnacle;
Example: A vigilance case was instituted a day later, and what followed was a series of revelations that culminated in the registration of a case by the CBI. It transpired that Gopal was actually Bhopal Balmiki, who was already employed with the Defence Ministry’s Bengal Headquarters when he got a job with the KoPT as ‘Gopal’.

3.Amnesty (noun)
Meaning: an official pardon for people who have been convicted of political offences.
Synonyms: pardon, pardoning, reprieve, grant an official pardon to, pardon, grant an amnesty to, reprieve
Example: A subsequent tweet by External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj carried the news of the amnesty, but did not mention the role played by the Chief Minister of Kerala, leading to questions about jurisdiction of the State in such matters.

4.Proximity (noun)
Meaning: nearness in space, time, or relationship.
Synonyms: closeness, nearness, presence, juxtaposition, propinquity, adjacency.
Example: The Ministry of External Affairs now has a States division, which keeps in touch with the States to assist them in building bridges with the countries in which they have a special interest on account of proximity or the presence of diaspora from that State.

5.Diaspora (noun)
Meaning: the dispersion or spread of any people from their original homeland.
Example: The Ministry of External Affairs now has a States division, which keeps in touch with the States to assist them in building bridges with the countries in which they have a special interest on account of proximity or the presence of diaspora from that State.

6.Scrupulously (adverb)
Meaning: in a very careful and thorough way, with great effort to avoid doing wrong.
Synonyms: careful, meticulous, painstaking, thorough, assiduous, sedulous, attentive, diligent, conscientious, ultra-careful, punctilious, searching, close, elaborate, minute, studious, rigorous, particular.
Antonyms: careless, slapdash, dishonest, unscrupulous
Example: But if such resources were, in fact, available to operational functionaries and laxity on their part resulted in tragedy, accountability must stop at the level of the errant functionaries. Law enforcement and justice mechanisms should scrupulously follow this maxim. This must happen in the government as well.

7.Gobble (verb)
Meaning: eat (something) hurriedly and noisily.
Synonyms: eat greedily/hungrily, guzzle, bolt, gulp, swallow hurriedly, devour, wolf, cram, gorge (oneself) on, gorge oneself.
Example: Industries that profited from textile and clothing quotas, duty-free imports, tax holidays, free infrastructure, subsidised services and lax environmental and labour regulations still depend on imports of raw and semi-finished materials. This is a barrier to linkages in the local economy and gobbles up net foreign exchange earnings.

8.Exploitative (adjective)
Meaning: making use of a situation or treating others unfairly in order to gain an advantage or benefit.
Example: Export-oriented industrialisation is promoted as the cure-all for all ills. Its labour force is mostly of women in low-wage and highly exploitative conditions, and where unions are not allowed to organise inside and outside export-processing zones.

9.Aggravate (verb)
Meaning: make (a problem, injury, or offence) worse or more serious, annoy or exasperate.
Example: Chronic under-investment in food production has intensified dependence on imports and also insecurity as consumers are more exposed to world market price fluctuations. The withdrawal of state support in access to credit, inputs and extension services as well as in direct purchase, storage, transport and distribution has abandoned producers to predatory middlemen, aggravating agrarian distress.

10.Predatory (adjective)
Meaning: (of an animal) preying naturally on others.
Synonyms: predacious, carnivorous, hunting, raptorial, ravening
Example: Chronic under-investment in food production has intensified dependence on imports and also insecurity as consumers are more exposed to world market price fluctuations. The withdrawal of state support in access to credit, inputs and extension services as well as in direct purchase, storage, transport and distribution has abandoned producers to predatory middlemen, aggravating agrarian distress.

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